Tag: 上海水磨

Donegal leading the way in water conservation

first_img WhatsApp Twitter Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA By News Highland – August 10, 2018 Previous articlePolice appeal for information regarding missing Martin CrumlishNext articleSister of Omagh bomb victim says Irish Government has let them down News Highland News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Donegal is leading the way in water conservation.It’s emerged that metered households in the county had one of the lowest average consumption levels in the country in 2016.New CSO figures show that in 2016, leaks in water systems across Ireland meant 1% of metered customers used a quarter of the country’s total water supply.The statistics are being largely blamed on widespread leakes in water systems country-wide.Households in Dublin 24 were found to use the most water in 2016, using on average 569 litres of water household per day, with Donegal found to be using around 300 litres.Around 75% of annual total water consumption per metered customers was accounted for by 99.1% of customers, meaning Irish Water customers used a quarter of all water in 2016. WhatsApp DL Debate – 24/05/21 Google+ Pinterestcenter_img Google+ Pinterest Donegal leading the way in water conservation Facebook Twitter Homepage BannerNews Facebook Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programmelast_img read more

Wrong advice has cost marine sector millions – Pat the Cope

first_imgDeputy Pat the Cope Gallagher Fianna Fáil Marine spokesperson has welcomed the admission that the International Council for Exploration of the Sea (ICES ) advice has been inaccurate over the past number of years and in fact has overcut our National Quota or Total Allowable Catch for various fish species. He says this has cost our marine sector millions of Euro’s and our fishermen have been severely impacted by this dude or inaccurate advice which determined the value or size of our quotas over the past number of years.Pat the Cope added the accurate information which has come to light shows a major change in the perception of the stock. And it proves that the Marine sector were correct in their assessment – earlier this year when ICES advised a massive 68 % cut last year this based on false calculations of stocks.He said “The correct position is 4.16 million tonnes of a stock size as opposed to 2.35 million tonnes, as ICES had informed us last autumn. In actual fact they underestimated stocks by 50%, it is shocking that the advice on which Quotas were set and based was out by a margin of 50% or almost 2 million tonnes. It is not surprising then how we retain little confidence in how quotas are set annually.”He added last year and again earlier this year he stated that he had lost confidence in recent years in the mackerel advice provided by International Council for Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and that the inaccurate advice being put forward by them was costing the Irish Marine sector in terms of catch and onshore jobs.He said “The position is now confirmed whereby these sets of inaccurate advice given by ICES have cost the state millions of euro each year. “In November 2018, I stated that I believed their advice is not based on the accurate assessment of the stocks and too many errors have occurred over the last number of years. ICES advice each year was filled anomalies and inaccuracies, this was always contested by fishermen, as each year the fishermen were reporting increased stocks at sea but ICES were reporting decreases. It is now clear and beyond doubt that the fishermen were correct and the professional advice from ICES was completely wrong.“Last November I informed the Marine Minister that the ICES advice is totally contrary to the entire pelagic fishing industry observations on stocks of fish at sea, which even then were not consistent with ICES view or observations indicating huge decline in fishing stocks but instead the pelagic sectors evidence showed very large stock sizes at sea.“But, as we all are very well aware of now the ICES advice was accepted by the EU and cuts were made when in actual fact no cuts should of occurred.”He said he is now calling on the Minister for​ Agriculture, Food and the Marine and the EU Coastal states to revisit the recent decisions which were taken on the basis of ICES advice, and to without delay put in place an increased Quota and TAC for those states which were unfairly cut in those respective years.“The decisions to cut the TAC over the past number of years should not have been taken – they were based on a false premise and inaccurate information provided by ICES. It is clearly now a matter for Minister Creed to correct the wrongs of the past and appropriately compensate the Irish marine sector and the fish producers with increased catches in the years ahead. “There is sufficient basis now for a revised and increased quota for 2019, this must be immediately acted on and examined by the Irish Government in conjunction with our EU partners concluded Pat the Cope.Wrong advice has cost marine sector millions – Pat the Cope was last modified: April 5th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalFishingPat The Cope Gallagherlast_img read more

Biko: first liberate the mind

first_imgIt’s been 40 years since 12 September 1977, when Bantu Stephen Biko died in police detention at the age of 30. He is a pioneer of the Black Consciousness philosophy.Stephen Biko is a pioneer of the Black Consciousness philosophy. (Image: South African History Online)On 12 September 1977, Stephen Bantu Biko died in police detention at the age of 30, leaving behind him a fundamentally altered political landscape and a liberating mirror for the black men and women of South Africa.The pioneer of the Black Consciousness philosophy was arrested on the outskirts of the Eastern Cape town of Grahamstown on 18 August 1977, and taken to apartheid security police headquarters in Port Elizabeth where, according to South African History Online, he was beaten so severely that damage to his brain was caused:“Realising to a certain extent the seriousness of his condition, the police decided to transfer him to a prison hospital in Pretoria, which was 1 133km away. He died shortly after his arrival there.”Biko’s death – for which the authorities denied responsibility – drew worldwide condemnation of the repressive laws and practices of apartheid South Africa.It also significantly altered the political landscape in the country, helping to inspire a generation of young black South Africans to commit themselves to the struggle against apartheid under the catchphrase “liberation before education”.Biko became not just a hero of South Africa’s liberation struggle, but a universal symbol of resistance against oppression, with his memory praised in films, books and songs – including Peter Gabriel’s haunting 1980 song Biko:“You can blow out a candleBut you can’t blow out a fire.Once the flames begin to catchThe wind will blow it higher.”After South Africa’s transition to democracy in 1994, the policemen responsible for Biko’s death applied for amnesty to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. According to SA History Online, while they admitted beating Steve Biko severely, and lying about the date of his death, they still maintained that his death was accidental.“The security policemen were denied amnesty because, according to the commission, Biko’s death was not politically motivated. Biko’s family objected to the TRC hearing, fearing that its amnesty policy would rob them of their right to justice.”Symbol of hopeUndoubtedly the most articulate spokesperson for black South Africans during the early 1970s, he was able to pinpoint the crux of their experience at the time – their own feelings of inferiority and self-hate.“In popular culture, he [remains] a very powerful symbol of hope … an icon of change,” Biko’s son Nkosinathi once said. “He helped to articulate our understanding, our own identity that continues to resonate in young South Africans to this day.“His ideas have a real influence well beyond the political field, in cultural organisations, in research organisations and in churches.”“Steve Biko is on T-shirts, in music, in the newspapers,” Kopano Ratele, a researcher with the University of South Africa’s Institute of Social and Health Sciences, told AFP in 2008.“People who were teenagers or in their 20s in the 1970s still remember Biko with nostalgia, and they credit him for giving them a sense of pride in themselves.”Revival of an oppressed peopleIn 1968, while studying at the University of Natal, Biko established the South African Students Organisation (SASO) which, under his leadership, adopted the radical new pro-black doctrine that would become known as Black Consciousness – defined by Biko as the “cultural and political revival of an oppressed people”.By 1971, the Black Consciousness Movement had grown into a formidable force in South Africa, and Biko sought to move beyond a purely student organisation with the establishment of the Black People’s Convention (BPC).Despite being banned by the government and restricted to King William’s Town, his birthplace, in 1973, Biko continued to promote the cause of Black Consciousness, establishing an Eastern Cape branch of the BPC and through this organising literacy classes and health education programmes.InfluenceAccording to SA History Online, the wave of strikes during and after the 1976 Soweto students’ uprising “demonstrated, to a large extent, the influence Biko exerted on South African socio-political life.“Although he did not directly take part in the Soweto riots, the influence of Black Consciousness ideas spurred students to fight an unjust system, particularly after they were compelled to accept Afrikaans as a language for use in schools.“In the wake of the urban revolt of 1976 and with the prospects of national revolution becoming increasingly real, security police detained Biko, the outspoken student leader, on August 18th.“At this time Biko had begun studying law by mail through the University of South Africa. He was 30 years old and was reportedly extremely fit when arrested.”Biko’s funeral, held on 25 September, was attended by diplomats from 13 Western countries, and well over 10 000 South Africans from every corner of the country – with police roadblocks prevented thousands more from attending.At the end of the day, Steve Biko was buried “in a muddy plot beside the railroad tracks after a marathon funeral that was as much a protest rally against the white minority government’s racial policies as it was a commemoration of the country’s foremost young black leader.”Sources: South African History Online and the Steve Biko Foundation.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa materiallast_img read more

Hiking in South Africa

first_imgSouth Africa has a variety of scenic hiking trails you can try out. Here’s a guide to help find one near you.Lush forests, rugged shorelines, mountain streams and waterfalls and fragrant fynbos are found among many hiking trails in South Africa. (Image: South African Tourism, Flickr)Brand South Africa reporterThere’s no better way to experience wild places than to put your boots on and your feet on the ground, one in front of the other. South Africa has a huge variety of awesomely scenic hiking trails. Here are some of the highlights.The Otter Trail along the Tsitsikamma coast is probably the most popular hike in the country. Lush forests, rugged shorelines, mountain streams and waterfalls and fragrant fynbos make this a special one. It’s strenuous, with lots of ups and downs, but the distances aren’t too great.If you want the scenery and walking with less slog and more luxury, try the Dolphin Trail. It traverses similar terrain to the Otter – joining up with it in places – but instead of hiking huts you stay in fully catered guest houses with great views and good food. Your pack is transported to your next overnight spot by vehicle, and you carry only a day pack with lunch, water, camera and swimsuit.The Wild Coast of the Eastern Cape offers similar trails but dramatically different scenery: miles of deserted beaches, wave-lashed rocks and occasional tropical forest.Accommodation is in coastal hotels instead of huts. The usual is to carry your pack, but you can arrange to have it driven around, if you plan ahead.Purists can tackle the Wild Coast rough as they like. There are miles and miles of unspoiled hiking trail traversing high mountains, deserts and forests, where the accommodation is the usual hiking hut, and the cuisine whatever you decided to carry.For an even wilder experience, you can hike for days in the Cedarberg, near Cape Town, or the Drakensberg in KwaZulu-Natal, without seeing a hut or a route marker. These are designated wilderness areas, and you simply take a map and a permit and set off, sleeping under the stars or in convenient caves.There are many others, some of which are on private land. You can get a reasonable idea of what’s available from the Footprint Hiking Club.Of course, the most important aspect of a hiking trail is that you don’t constantly bump into other people. And the only way to ensure that is to limit numbers, so that means you have to book.Hiking linksActive Escapes is a leading authority on Wild Coast Hiking. From traditional backpacking trails to fully supported ‘slackpacking’ holidays; the entire Wild Coast can be hiked, with accommodation ranging from luxury hotels to tented camps or village based homestays. They also offer fully guided and supported hiking trails in the Drakensberg, Eastern Cape Highlands and KZN Midlands, as well as more challenging Drakensberg hikes with a registered mountain guide.Adventure Dynamics International specialise in organising mountain and trekking logistics and guided mountaineering expeditions worldwide. They also offer team building through Peak Teams.Berg Free is run by Dave Sclanders, a registered mountain guide. He offers hikes in the beautiful Drakensberg, ranging from one day in length up to five days. Descriptions of a wide variety hikes are provided, along with extensive safety information, photos, and feedback from hikers. The Boksburg Hiking Club meets on the first Wednesday of every month. They organise trails and a hiking programme is available on the club’s website. To see what it’s all about, take a look at the club’s photo section too. Cape Nature provides information on numerous outdoor activities, including hiking – from one day to multi-day trips in the province’s many nature reserves. Other offerings include mountain biking, kloofing, canoeing, kayaking, fly-fishing and horse trails, among others.Drifters, a tour operator, offers a tour that features either hiking and cycling on the Wild Coast. It lasts six days and five nights and passes along beautiful unspoiled coastline, and a three-day option is also available.EveryTrail in South Africa features a list of trails, which are described and rated by users. Google maps are included which show useful features like elevation and satellite shows. Photos are included and a list of similar trips is also provided.Excelsior Wine Walks offers something a little different: a three-day wine walk through beautiful Cape vineyards and orchards that includes visits to a number of wineries, and walking in the Elandsberg and Langeberg Mountains.Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife oversees game parks in KwaZulu-Natal, from the coast to the Drakensberg Mountains. They have a section on hiking, which includes a weekly hiking report, links to weather reports, safety information, tips, and vital information. Some links to hiking operators are also provided.Footprint Hiking Club offers pictorial reports on various trails, as well as written reports. A hiking calendar is included, as well as advice on hiking equipment, hiking with children, and how to start hiking. The club’s mission statement is “to offer members the opportunity to enrich their lives by partaking in environmental and socially related activities offered by the club while taking an active and responsible stance in the preservation of the environment”.Garden Route Hiking Trails has information on different routes around different towns. The hikes are also rated according to difficulty and contact numbers are provided.High Adventure Africa is a mountain guiding and training company based in Cape Town. They offer guiding services that cover the Cape Peninsula mountain chain and other Cape mountain rangers, as well as all the the significent ranges and climbing areas in other parts of South Africa and Namibia. Their guided activities include mountain walking through to rock climbing and accomodate all levels of ability and experience. Hike and Trail Run Cape Town is a comprehensive site that focuses on day hikes in the Cape Peninsula. There is also information on guided walks and trail running. Walks are graded according to difficulty, and a good description is given of each one. Time and distance is included.Info Hub has a list of hiking and trekking tours. Each of the tours includes comprehensive information on the itinerary and links to tour operators are supplied. Johannesburg Hiking Club organises hikes and hiking-related events, and fosters a sense of responsibility towards the environment. Meet like-minded outdoor and conservation-orientated people who wear heavy boots and smell like the mountain air. The club offers youthful, midweek and Sunday hikes, backpacks, base camp weekends, slide shows, club evenings and social events.Komatiland Eco-Tourism, which operates out of Nelspruit in Mpumalanga, offers hiking, 4×4 trails and mountain biking. There are seven overnight hiking trails and eight day trail options, all featuring wonderful scenery.Linx Africa – Trails in Southern Africa is a useful resource which, region by region, allows one to click on specific areas in each province and find out more about the hiking trails in those areas, including the type of trail, the closest town, a description, and contact details.Mountain Club of South Africa. Hiking is one of the MCSA’s main activities, with the club’s different sections organising hikes ranging from short day walks in kloofs to multi-day traverses across remote mountain areas.MTO Forestry is the custodian of the famous Tsitsikamma Hiking Trail. Located in the southern Cape, it is a hiker’s paradise, passing through beautiful indigenous forests and mountain fynbos. It is about 60 kilometres in length and features excellent overnight accommodation facilities.Namaqua Silver Sands Trails & 4X4 offers the fully-catered six-day Namaqua Coastal Tour, while the self catered Namaqua Coastal Tour last five days.The Num-Num Trail, in Mpumalanga, is a five-day, 42-kilomerte hiking trail that passes through a a variety of pristine landscapes, from yellow-wood forests to sandstone mazes and open grasslands. Not only will you find game along the way, but there are also almost 1 000 waterfalls on the property, including spectacular views of the Uitkomste Falls that are the highest in Mpumalanga. There are five hiking camps all offering fully equipped kitchens, hot and cold showers and braai facilities.Peak High Mountaineering offers trekking, rock-climbing, ice-climbing, and Mountain Development Trust Courses in mountaineering, trekking and abseiling. Equipment is also available for hire. Mountain biking is another option, as well as mountaineering on Mount Kenya. A nice photo gallery is included.Ridgway Ramblers offer guided tours and operate out of Cape Town. They cater to all levels of hikers, including individuals, families and schools. Table Mountain is a favourite venue, but the hikes go further afield too, including at Kirstenbosch, the Lions Head, Jonkershoek Nature Reserve, Kogelberg Nature Reserve, and the Three Sisters.South African National Parks manages a system of parks which represents the indigenous fauna, flora, landscapes and associated cultural heritage of South Africa. Click on the links to Game Parks run by SA National Parks to find out more about hiking opportunities inside of them, including the famous Otter Trail.Sandpiper Safaris provides accommodation and hiking safaris in Boggomsbaai, situated close to Mossel Bay, on the beautiful Garden Route. Included in the hikes on offer is the Oystercatcher Trail, a spectacular guided, luxury and fully catered route, which has earned high praise from, among others, National Geogrphic, Getaway Magazine, and the BBC.Serendipity Eco Trails is situated on a beautiful bushveld farm called Tierkloof, near Polokwane in Limpopo. There are hiking, motorbike, 4×4, and quadbike trails. The hiking options include 16- and 24-kilometre trails, with overnight stays in comfortable bush camps.SHAKAbarker Tours is located in St. Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal, and operates in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the Hluhluwe/Umfolozi Game Reserve. They offer a number of different trails, ranging from short walks to the Emoyeni Trail, which is 65 kilometres in length and lasts from a Friday afternoon to a Tuesday morning.South African Hiking Trails has information on more than 300 trails. Useful details such as duration, layout, difficulty, distance, and a good description of the trails are provided. A list of popular trails is also provided.SA Adventure Trails is based in Hilton, KwaZulu-Natal. It offers a number of trails and a calendar of when these hikes will be done is provided. Search the website for options all over South Africa, or check on their mountain bike options too.Spanafrican Adventures organises hiking expeditions in the Ukhahlamba Drakensberg World Heritage Park, ranging from day hikes to seven-day traverses on top of the escarpment. Highlights include the natural beauty of the mountains and cliffs, the flora, the fauna, and the rock art. Included in the offerings is the Giants Cup trail, the only established trail in the Drakensberg, which is 60 kilometres in length and usually takes five days to complete.The Strandloper Hiking Trail, on the Transkei coast, covers 60 kilometres over four days, starting at Kei Mouth and finishing at Gonubie. A literal translation from Afrikaans for “strandloper” is beach walker, which gives one an idea of what to expect. An easier option, the Strandloper Sundowner Trail, is also available.Trail Guide South Africa is continually adding new trails around South Africa, including hiking and mountain biking trails, and has put together an impressive list of routes on an app.The Trails Club of South Africa is based in Cape Town. It offers a wide variety of hikes and trails to visitors and members, including Saturday afternoon hikes, full-day Sunday hikes, Wednesday evening hikes in summer, Weekend away hikes of two to four days in duration, longer trails, including in the Drakensberg and Namibia, and socials too.Venture Forth International is based in Cape Town and incorporates the Cape Town School of Mountaineering. It’s a specialised mountain guide service and an accredited mountaineering school. They offer guided treks and hikes in the the Cedarberg, Swartberg, and Drakensberg mountains, as well as on Table Mountain. Rock climbing and kloofing are also undertaken, while expeditions to Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Cerro Aconcagua in Argentina are also offered.Wikitravel provides a list of trails in South Africa, including distance, days, e-mail and telephone contacts, and price.Wild Coast Holiday Reservations offer exciting holiday options in one of South Africa’s undiscovered jewels, the Wild Coast. Their choice of hiking trails includes the four-night, five-day Hole-in-the-Wall Trail, the six-day Wild Coast Meander, the six-day Wild Coast Amble, and the four-day, three-night Wild Coast Pondo. Catering is provided, as well as a warm bed and hot shower every evening.Wild Mountain Adventures operates in the beautiful mountainous regions of the Eastern Cape, including around Barkly East, Rhodes, Lady Grey and Wartrail/New England. They specialise in is luxury adventure trails, and tailor-made activity holidays, fully catered in beautiful farmstay accommodation. Other options are fly-fishing, river rafting, mountain biking, horse riding, 4 x 4, and quad routes.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Tonsee® Baby Kids Girls Weave Braid Turban Hood Headband Hairband Cotton Knot Head Wrap, Love these. Very fashionable

first_imgThe content is so soft and stretching that it comes out of condition,the knots become limited and then is as well significant so it needs to be altered extremely frequently. Apart for this its what i required.Lovely product, deffo suggest.Fits my eight months outdated completely and keeps her ears warm ?.Key specs for Tonsee® Baby Kids Girls Weave Braid Turban Hood Headband Hairband Cotton Knot Head Wrap (Pink):Material:Cloth, Style:Hair BandYou baby can wearing when take pictures, Super cute and lovely baby girls’ headbandMaterial is very soft and comfortableWill made your princess more adorable,Best choice for birthday, party and photo!Comments from buyers“Love these. Very fashionable”Definetly will advise to a mate.It is rather thick and fits restricted but appears to be like excellent. I consider in the summer time it would be to warm to epwear although.Lovely product, deffo suggest.The content is so soft and stretching that it comes out of condition,the knots become limited and then is as well significant so it needs to be altered extremely frequently. Apart for this its what i required.For my 8month old completely. Wouldn’t propose them for any little one aged more than 12months as they would most likely be abit restricted.Fits my eight months outdated completely and keeps her ears warm ?.It is rather thick and fits restricted but appears to be like excellent. I consider in the summer time it would be to warm to epwear although.Definetly will advise to a mate.For my 8month old completely. Wouldn’t propose them for any little one aged more than 12months as they would most likely be abit restricted.last_img read more

Frugal Happy: Giant Foam Box, Part 2

first_imgHow to Build an Insulated Cathedral CeilingAll About Attic VentingSite-Built Ventilation Baffles for RoofsFlash-and-Batt Insulation Three Code-Approved Tricks for Reducing Insulation ThicknessGBA Encyclopedia: Vented or Unvented Attic?Open-Cell Spray Foam and Damp Roof SheathingHow to Insulate a Cathedral Ceiling with Mineral Wool GBA Details: Vented cathedral ceiling GBA Details: Unvented cathedral ceiling GBA Details: Retrofit foam for existing cathedral ceiling Phase 2: FiberglassAfter the rigid foam, the next layer to go in was 6-inch-thick fiberglass batts (see Image #7 below). That’s the cotton candy-looking stuff. It may look soft and fluffy, but you don’t want to roll around in it because millions of teeny tiny spiky things will become embedded in your skin, and you will be thoroughly itchy.Thankfully these are kraft-faced batts, which means they are covered on one side by paper. This is designed to keep out moisture, but it also makes the batts easier (and less itchy) to handle and install.Chris installed the fiberglass batts by stapling the paper facing to the rafters. This isn’t a particularly labor-intensive process, but because the batts were so long and floppy, and Chris was trying to install these things by himself so high up, it was rather awkward.It also got challenging when he had to get into tight corners. Even so, the fiberglass batts went in much faster than the rigid foam. Phase 4: Furring strips and a service cavityJust as we did with the walls, we created a service cavity on the inside of the insulation for wiring before putting on the finished ceiling. To do this, Chris installed 2×3 furring strips. He used a laser level to ensure that the strips were perfectly level and co-planar (see Image #10 below). Chris can use the furring strips to anchor electrical junction boxes for lighting fixtures later on.At long last — the furring strips are in, and the insulation is complete! We are ready for wiring, lighting, and the finished ceiling surface (which will be wood paneling).It was long, it was laborious, it was sweaty… but it was worth it. The best thing about insulation is that if it’s done right, it only needs to be put in once. Once it’s in, it pretty much works forever (or at least for the rest of the building’s functional lifetime).With superinsulation installed, our house now needs less than half the air conditioning it used to, and an even smaller fraction of heating. If all homes had this level of insulation, imagine how much energy (and greenhouse gas emissions) could be saved. I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again: Insulation is unsexy, but it makes a difference! After spending months painstakingly insulating our walls, Chris turned his attention to insulating the vaulted ceiling.You may be wondering, “Is this guy a glutton for punishment?” Valid question.In many ways, insulating the ceiling was even harder than insulating the walls. The assembly is thicker and more complex. Chris had to install the insulation while standing atop a ladder, which made the job awkward and dangerous. Moreover, much of the insulation work took place during the hot summer months, when the air temperature at ceiling height often neared 100°F. It was laborious and slow-going. In the end, the process lasted more than four months.So yes, maybe Chris is a bit of a glutton for punishment. But for the end product of a foam-filled, air-sealed, attractive cathedral ceiling with an insulation value of R-46, there was no question in Chris’s mind he wanted to do it. The process helped create a comfortable home with steady indoor temperatures and low energy bills year-’round.Since we converted our flat ceiling to a vaulted ceiling, the ceiling and roof became one and the same. So our roof went from zero insulation to superinsulation. The two drawings at the bottom of this post show the roof assembly before and after the work (see Images #2 and #3 below). BLOGS BY WEN AND CHRIS Our House Becomes a Giant Foam BoxDemolitionA Car-Free ExperimentAn Introduction Phase 3: More rigid foamSimilar to what he did with our walls, Chris next installed yet another layer of rigid foam, this time 1 inch thick, continuously across the rafters rather than between them. Why more rigid foam? To reduce thermal bridging through the rafters.The foam sheets are not very heavy, but at 4 feet by 8 feet they are rather unwieldy for a single person to handle. Chris got creative with ways to hold up the large sheets while on a ladder (such as using another ladder).Two layers of rigid foam, filled with fluffy pink fiberglass. That’s right, it’s an insulation sandwich (see Image #8 below)! Fast forward a few weeks, and behold! The fully insulated ceiling: 10 inches of insulation (and months of Chris’ blood, sweat, and tears) hidden behind a dull gray facade.It looks nice and tidy in the end, but getting to this point was not. It’s all out of sight now, but we’ll always remember that it’s there. Once more, Chris meticulously air sealed the final layer of rigid foam with acoustical sealant (the white stuff) or canned spray foam (the orange stuff). Because, darn it, you can never air seal enough (see Image #9 below). The air sealing ensures that there are no air leaks in the ceiling of our giant foam box house.center_img That’s a big change! By the time Chris has completed the retrofit, our ceiling/roof will have 10 distinct layers and be 17 inches thick. Wowza. Let’s walk through the insulation phases one by one. RELATED ARTICLES Editor’s Note: This post is one of a series by Chris Stratton and Wen Lee, a husband-and-wife team living in the Los Angeles area who are turning their 1963 suburban house into an all-electric, zero-net energy home. They chronicle their attempts at a low-carbon, low-cost, and joyful lifestyle on their blog Frugal Happy. This post was written by Wen. Phase 1: Rigid foam and ventilationChris wanted to ensure that the finished ceiling/roof assembly was properly ventilated so that any moisture that gets into the assembly (e.g. from rain) is able to evaporate. He did this by constructing long ventilation baffles, or chutes, from rigid insulation. The chutes allow air to flow from soffit vents at the eaves to the ridge vent at the top of the roof. (For more information on this step, see “Site-Built Ventilation Baffles for Roofs.”)Often people install plastic vent baffles for this purpose, but since Chris was planning to insulate using polyisocyanurate rigid foam, he decided to use the foam itself to serve as the chutes (see this fun video from Fine Homebuilding). Two birds with one stone!Each panel of foam is pushed up against 2-inch-square “sticks” of foam glued into the upper corners of each rafter bay with Loctite PL 300 foamboard latex construction adhesive. This creates a 2-inch gap above the insulation for air to flow (see Image #4 below). As you probably guessed, what you see in the photo is just half a chute — when it’s complete it will extend all the way up to the ridge.For air to flow successfully through each chute, there needs to be a way for air to 1) enter, and 2) exit. In the photo, you can see that Chris created openings at the base of the rafters (where daylight is shining through along the top of the wall). Later, he installed plastic soffit vents.But where will the air exit? At the ridge, the highest point of the roof. Chris cut out openings along the ridge too (see Image #5 below). Then he climbed on top of the roof and installed a ridge vent, carefully covering it with ridge shingles (see Image #6 below). That way air from inside can flow outside, but when it rains, water will not leak into the house.Another benefit of ventilating the roof in this manner is that on very warm days, hot air (which rises) will flow out the top vents, drawing cooler air into the chutes from the bottom — a passive way of cooling the house down.Working by yourself can be exhausting and lonely (even when there are unlimited podcasts to listen to), not to mention s-l-o-w! One weekend, Chris organized a work party (a.k.a. bribed people with free pizza), and luckily, my brother Bin and our adventurous friends Merc and Dan showed up to help. With four people, they were able to install a whole bunch of chutes in one afternoon.As with the wall insulation, every piece of rigid foam had to be carefully measured and custom cut for each bay, and then gently pounded into place with a block of wood and a 4-pound mini-sledge. The pieces were snug enough to stay in place with friction alone, but Chris sealed the edges with acoustical sealant.Over the next few weeks, Chris continued to slowly but steadily install the foam on his own. As he progressed, he had to climb ever higher on the ladder. Handling an 8-foot-long piece of foam while balancing on top of a ladder (in sweltering heat) is no small feat, people.Of course, insulation doesn’t work at its best if there are leaky seams. So Chris made sure to air seal (with acoustical sealant and canned spray foam) along all the seams of the rigid foam, creating an insulation layer that is completely airtight.last_img read more

India head coach interviews next week but will Ethics officer play third umpire again?

first_imgThe Supreme Court-appointed Committee of Administrators (CoA) meeting in Delhi on Monday cleared the Kapil Dev-led Cricket Advisory committee (CAC) to pick the next head coach of the Indian men’s cricket team. Some BCCI officials however, fear this move could be self-defeating if the appointment process of the coach itself is embroiled in conflict.”WV Raman was appointed women’s coach by the ad-hoc CAC. CoA member Diana Edulji questioned the process and now Ethics officer DK Jain has to decide if Raman can continue. One hopes we don’t face a situation again where the Ethics officer has to play the third umpire on whether due process was followed with the head coach’s appointment,” a BCCI official told Indian Today.In Monday’s meeting too, the CoA could not be unanimous on the move to allow the ad hoc CAC to pick the Coach. “I wanted the matter to go to the Ethics officer to decide on the conflict. I also reasoned in the meeting that appointing any ad hoc CAC would be going against the BCCI constitution. I voiced my dissent but the committee went ahead with a 2:1 verdict,” CoA member Diana Edulji told India Today.The three committee members which also include Shanta Rangaswami and Anshuman Gaekwad were told to submit an undertaking declaring their involvement in any other cricketing activities to clear them of conflict of interest charges.CoA Chairman Vinod Rai told the media after the meeting, their declarations were fine. “We are satisfied with the declarations submitted by the CAC. They will now go ahead with the selection of the next Indian CoAch once they receive the shortlist for the post from the BCCI. We are hoping to organize the interviews on August 13 or 14 and we’ll be able to announce the name of next CoAch in a couple of days.”advertisementCurrent head Coach Ravi Shastri starts favourite to keep the job with no high-profile candidates having thrown their hat in the ring. Australian Tom Moody and former Indian cricket manager Lalchand Rajput are amongst the few others who have applied for the top job. A section of the BCCI says the very public nature of talking up Shastri by captain Virat Kohli and CAC members has discouraged big names from applying.”What’s the tearing hurry to pick the head CoAch for two years by an outgoing CoA? The new BCCI dispensation when it comes to power in October can make the appointment. In any case Ravi Shastri and the rest of the support staff have been given an extension for the West Indies tour. They could have been asked to continue for two more months,” a BCCI official said.The conflict charge against Kapil Dev pertains to his Directorial position in Indian Cricketers Association (ICA) and his business that supplies floodlights to some Indian cricket grounds.Anshuman Gaekwad is member of BCCI affiliation committee while Shanta Rangaswami is a director with ICA. Opinions are divided if holding these posts can be seen as conflicts with their CAC role but strictly going by ‘the one person, one post’ principle they could be deemed ineligible.Also Read | BCCI CoA clears Kapil Dev and team to pick next India head coachlast_img read more

Christmas tree farmers combat popularity of artificial trees

first_imgTUALATIN, Ore. — Rosa Villarreal’s three young sons jumped and ran around the field of Christmas trees like jackrabbits, their excitement palpable as they raced from evergreen to evergreen. The boys, ages 2, 4 and 6, were picking out a real tree this year — a new tradition their young parents hope will create lasting memories.“I saw this video where the big tree, the mom decorates it, and the little tree, the kids get to decorate it,” she said, as her husband, Jason Jimenez, snapped a photo of their toddler posing with a tiny tree just his size.Christmas tree farmers across the U.S. worry families like Villarreal’s are slowly dwindling. Artificial trees, once crude imitations of an evergreen, are now so realistic that it’s hard to tell they are fakes even though many are conveniently pre-strung with lights and can fold up for storage at the push of a button.Between 75 and 80 per cent of Americans who have a Christmas tree now have an artificial one, and the $1 billion market for fake trees is growing at about 4 per cent a year — even though they can be reused again and again.To combat this trend, Christmas tree farmers have joined forces as the Christmas Tree Promotion Board and are running a social media ad campaign this holiday season to tout the benefits of a real evergreen. The campaign, called “It’s Christmas. Keep It Real!,” is funded by a 15-cent fee that tree farmers pay for each tree they harvest.It’s a modern-day attempt at such famous agricultural ad campaigns as “Got Milk?” and “Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner.”A series of short movies on Instagram and Facebook follow real families as they hunt for the perfect tree, cut it down and decorate it. The target audience is the “millennial mom” because tree farmers are increasingly worried that young adults starting their own family traditions will opt for an artificial tree, costing farmers a generation of customers, said Marsha Gray, executive director of the Christmas Tree Promotion Board, based in Michigan.“The target we’re talking about right now is millennials: first house, first baby. That’s kind of the decision-making time,” she said, adding that the videos show families cutting their own trees and buying pre-cut trees from lots.“We realize they may have never done this before. And we need to help them discover it and figure out how to include it in their holiday.”It’s impossible to know exactly how many real Christmas trees are sold each year because there is no central clearinghouse or agency collecting that information. But the National Christmas Tree Association estimates about 25 million evergreens are harvested each year — and presumably, most of those are sold.Americans buy about 10 million artificial trees each year, said Thomas “Mac” Harman, CEO of Balsam Hill, the leading retailer of artificial Christmas trees. Harman is also the president of the American Christmas Tree Association, which does not disclose its membership but raised $70,000 in donations in 2016 for its work, which includes touting artificial trees.Most people buying artificial trees cite convenience, allergens and fire safety, he said.“We’re seeing a trend where consumers want to set their tree up over Thanksgiving weekend and leave it up all the way until after New Year’s.” That’s safer with an artificial tree, Harman said.Denise Shackleton got a real tree each season before switching to an artificial one. On a recent day, she was at an artificial tree outlet store in Burlingame, California, shopping for a new tree for herself and one for her daughter.“No one got as excited about a real tree as me, but it was just too much work to put the real tree on my car, get it into the house — all of that,” she said. “It’s totally for convenience.”Harman says Christmas tree farmers are overestimating the threat to their industry from artificial trees.Many families now have both a real tree and an artificial tree, and small mom-and-pop tree farms that allow families to cut their own evergreen remain extremely popular, Harman said.“I think it’s the farms in the middle that are really seeing their business shrink because more people are either getting their tree from Home Depot — which is supporting the big farms — or they’re going out to these small farms,” he said. “I think a lot of the angst about ‘artificial trees are taking over’ is coming from these mid-sized farms.”To fourth-generation tree farmer Casey Grogan, that angst is as real as the towering noble and Nordmann firs he grows at Silver Bells Tree Farm in Silverton, Oregon. Oregon is the nation’s No. 1 producer of Christmas trees, yet Grogan says he has watched about half the fellow tree farmers around him go out of business in the past decade.A seedling takes eight to 10 years to grow to maturity, and it’s difficult to predict demand years out, he said. He harvested about half as many trees this year as he did a decade ago, and with every new seedling he plants this season, he knows he’s taking a gamble that the demand will still be there in 2028.“We’re an industry that would like to remain here and be around — and if everybody buys an artificial tree, we’re not going to be here,” said Grogan, who is also president of the Pacific Northwest Christmas Tree Association.“It may be a little difficult, but not everything is easy,” he added of buying a real tree. “It’s worth the extra effort.”___Follow Gillian Flaccus on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/gflaccusGillian Flaccus, The Associated Presslast_img read more

Loxo Oncology Dollar Tree and Schlumberger rise PGE sinks

first_imgNEW YORK — Stocks that moved substantially or traded heavily Monday:Loxo Oncology Inc., up $92.78 to $232.65Eli Lilly agreed to buy the cancer drug developer for about $8 billion.PG&E Corp., down $5.45 to $18.95Reuters reported that the California utility might file for bankruptcy as it faces big liabilities connected to deadly wildfires.Dollar Tree Inc., up $5.07 to $97.96Activist investment firm Starboard Value disclosed an investment in the discount retailerGeneral Electric Co., up 51 cents to $8.74Bloomberg News reported that private equity firm Apollo Global Management might try to buy GE’s aircraft leasing business.Intercontinental Exchange Inc., down $2.29 to $73.38A group of Wall Street firms is getting ready to launch a new, low-cost stock exchange.Schlumberger NV, up $1.08 to $40.17Energy company stocks gained as oil prices rose for the seventh day in the last eight.NuVasive Inc., down $4.60 to $45.45The spinal device maker said equipment sales were delayed in the fourth quarter and surgical procedures slowed.Lowe’s Cos., up $1.78 to $95.65Shares in retailers climbed Monday as U.S. service companies reported a strong increase in new orders in December.The Associated Presslast_img read more

The Imperial to host an exotic French affair

first_imgThe great global event, ‘Goût de France / Good France’ will be celebrating its 5th annual edition on March 21, 2019, and ‘Nostalgia’ at ‘1911 Brasserie’ – a proud purveyor of classic western cuisine in the capital since 2011 – is chosen to be a part of the largest dinner in the world featuring 5000 restaurants across 5 continents. The Good France menu at Nostalgia, The Imperial will pay a tribute to the excellence of French cuisine and will showcase a menu using fresh and seasonal regional produce. Also Read – An income drop can harm brainA combination of old world charm coupled with an unparalleled French menu featuring authentic recipes across aperitif and canapés, entrée, main course and dessert promises a distinct dining experience. More than 70 restaurants have been selected across India by the committee of international chefs headed by Chef Alain Ducasse, placing India among the top participating countries. The traditional and rare European theme around which ‘Nostalgia’ at ‘1911 Brasserie’ makes it an ideal property to promote this glorious French dinner. Also Read – Shallu Jindal honoured with Mahatma AwardThis extraordinary evening will have a delectable array of signature French dishes, in the backdrop of a venue that makes you experience the old Hollywood glamour. Chef Prem K Pogakula, Executive Chef at The Imperial will be cooking up a French-style dinner, with a focus on more responsible cuisine. “French food is based on local sourcing of very simple ingredients paired with good-old wine and hand-picked variety of cheese. The cuisine has already been influenced in terms of standardising menus and presentation so the day is not far when Indians will be more familiar with French specialties and classic ingredients. The French culinary events like Good France is a great initiative to promote French gastronomy in India and it’s an honour for The Imperial to be part of an international gourmet at a global level. We at ‘Nostalgia’ use exclusive French cheese, cream, butter, and meats to keep the local flavors intact and these local ingredients only help in achieving a perfect dish which the French guests relish,” said Chef Prem.last_img read more